Artificial Quantum Systems Lab

The laboratory was created in April 2014 based on the results of an open competition at MIPT that was conducted as part of a program to increase the competitiveness of the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology.

The Laboratory of Artificial Quantum Systems (AQS) researchers headed by Professor O. Astafyev joined forces with the Laboratory of Quantum Chains of the Russian Quantum Center (RQS) headed by Professor A. Ustinov and the RAS Institute of Solid State Physics (ISPP) Laboratory of Superconductivity headed by Professor V. Ryazanov to manufacture and test the first superconducting qubit in Russia.

 

This event can rightly be considered a breakthrough in the field of Russian quantum technology. Contemporary development of such technologies as well as control methods for individual quantum systems provides opportunities for developing radically novel devices and technology based on superconducting elements.

 

This strategic field has traditionally been represented rather poorly in Russian science. Several Russian organizations joined forces by pooling their human and technological resources in order to make this feasible (MIPT, the RAS ISSP, the RQC, the MISIS National University for Science and Technology, and the Novosibirsk State Technical University). The first operational qubit prototypes have already been manufactured and tested successfully.

Potential application fields  
- Quantum computers
 
- Quantum informatics (absolutely secured transmission of data)
 
- Quantum electronics devices of
 anew generation. 
 - Hybrid quantum systems of
 various applications (metrology, supersensitive sensors, amplifiers with peak performance, etc.).  


The laboratory was created in April 2014 based on the results of an open competition at MIPT that was conducted as part of a program to increase the competitiveness of the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology.

The purpose of the laboratory is to carry out experimental studies in the field of superconducting quantum circuits. The main objects of interest are superconducting quantum bits (qubits) and circuits based on them. The lab group conducts fundamental research using qubits as artificial atoms to study quantum optics and acoustics.  Practical applications are also developing for quantum circuits in quantum computation, modeling, metrology and detection.

This topic is quite young; for the first time the superconducting qubit was demonstrated only in 1999. At the moment of the AQS lab creation there was no experience in creating superconducting qubits in Russia. Thus, in May 2015 the laboratory group became the first in Russia along with the Russian Quantum Center and the Institute of Solid State Physics to produce and measure a superconducting qubit. For this achievement the head of the laboratory Oleg Astafiev with coworkers Valery Ryazanov and Alexei Ustinov were awarded the "Made in Russia" prize.

The laboratory premises were equipped in the Laboratory building of MIPT in the same year. The first results, obtained directly from the AQS lab installation, begun from the mounting and launch of a dilution refrigerator in 2015. The quantum mixing of microwaves on an artificial atom (Nature Communications 8, 1352 (2017)), the quantum interaction between a transmon and an acoustic resonator (is being prepared for publication, arXiv: 1710.06476) were first realized and demonstrated. Other publications of our laboratory you can find here.

In addition to obtaining breakthrough scientific results, the laboratory staff conducts advanced developments in the field of quantum technologies. In July 2016, the project "Creation of information processing technologies based on superconducting qubits" was launched. The Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, The State Atomic Energy Corporation ROSATOM and the Foundation for Advanced Studies signed an agreement on the creation and support of laboratories for the development and practical use of quantum computing technologies. The project is aimed at the formation of scientific and technological backlog in the field of creating quantum computers and systems for quantum modeling of material properties. Within the project, a consortium was formed in which, in addition to the AQS laboratory, there were laboratories MISiS, RCC, ISSP RAS, MSTU, VNIIA and NSTU. The consortium is a joint group, currently possessing four refrigerators and having full access to three technological centers (clean rooms).

The AQS Lab actively participates in the promotion of the results. For example, see here. World experts are invited to participate in the International Conferences on the topic of superconductivity in Russia. In particular, in September 2016 and July 2017, together with the Laboratory of Topological Quantum Phenomena in MIPT Superconductors, the laboratory staff organixed international schools for students at MIPT and Baikal. These activities were supported by the grant of the RSF.

Bachelor and Masters students of MIPT are actively involved in the work on the lab. Dealing with the most advanced and complex problems of modern physics, students acquire valuable experience in nanotechnology fabrication, low-temperature engineering, microwave measurements, electronics, data processing and programming. 8 students and 5 graduate students, taken under our wing - this is our significant contribution to the educational activities of MIPT. In addition, the lab scientists have developed and now conduct the course "Superconducting quantum systems."

Oleg Astafiev

Head of laboratory, leading researcher

Education
Professor at Royal Holloway University
Publications

Valery Ryazanov

Leading researcher

Education

Professor

ScD in physics and mathematics

Publications

Vladimir Zverev

Leading researcher

Education

Professor

ScD in physics and mathematics

Publications

FIZIKA NIZKIKH TEMPERATUR

Magnetic quantum oscillations in the charge-density-wave state of the organic metals α-(BEDT-TTF)2MHg(SCN)4 with M = K and Tl

Elena Loginova

Senior researcher

Education

Associate professor

ScD in chemistry

Professional experience
Senior Researcher
Academic Interests
Associate Professor

Ivan Khrapach

Senior researcher

Education
PhD

Alexander Semenov

Senior researcher

Education
PhD in physics and mathematics

Vladimir Antonov

Senior researcher

Education
PhD in physics and mathematics

Rais Shaykhadarov

Senior researcher

Vladimir Gurtovoj

Senior researcher

Alexey Bolgar

Junior researcher

Publications

2015, research/labs/membrane (7)

Svetlana Vorobyova

Technician

Alexey Dmitriev

Junior researcher

Education

Doctoral student

Stepan Izyurov

Education
Doctoral student

Gleb Fedorov

Julia Zotova

Alexandra Kulakov

Daniil Kirichenko

Pavel Stroganov

Viktor Lubsanov

Shamil Kadyrmetov

Darya Kalacheva

Maxim Brazhnikov

Victoria Jursa

Elena Yegorova

Mariia Labendik

2015

PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS (7.728)

Correlated Emission Lasing in Harmonic Oscillators Coupled via a Single Three-Level Artificial Atom

Peng Z.H., Liu Y.-X., Peltonen J.T., Yamamoto T., Tsai J.S., Astafiev O.

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF INORGANIC CHEMISTRY (2.965)

Effect of Halopyridine Guest Molecules on the Structure and Superconducting Properties of β″-[Bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene]4(H3O)[Fe(C2O4)3]·Guest Crystals

Prokhorova T.G., Buravov L.I., Yagubskii E.B., Zorina L.V., Simonov S.V., Zverev V.N., Shibaeva R.P., Canadell E.

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

2013

JETP LETTERS (1.364)

Critical current in planar SNS Josephson junctions

Golikova, TE, Hubler, F, Beckmann, D, Klenov, NV, Bakurskiy, SV, Kupriyanov, MY, Batov, IE, Ryazanov, VV

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

CRYSTENGCOMM (3.858)

The first molecular superconductor based on BEDT-TTF radical cation salt with paramagnetic tris(oxalato)ruthenate anion

Prokhorova, TG, Zorina, LV, Simonov, SV, Zverev, VN, Canadell, E, Shibaeva, RP, Yagubskii, EB

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

2014

JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL AND THEORETICAL PHYSICS (0.931)

Vortex structure and anisotropy of electric resistance in Bi2Sr1.65La0.35CuO6+delta single crystals

Vinnikov, LY, Yukina, AG, Zverev, VN, Shovkun, AD, Kulakov, AB

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

LOW TEMPERATURE PHYSICS (0.881)

Magnetic quantum oscillations in the charge-density-wave state of the organic metals alpha-(BEDT-TTF())2MHg(SCN)(4) with M=K and Tl

Kartsovnik, MV, Zverev, VN, Andres, D, Biberacher, W, Helm, T, Grigoriev, PD, Ramazashvili, R, Kushch, ND, Muller, H

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

FIZIKA NIZKIKH TEMPERATUR

Magnetic quantum oscillations in the charge-density-wave state of the organic metals α-(BEDT-TTF)2MHg(SCN)4 with M = K and Tl

Kartsovnik M.V., Zverev V.N., Andres D., Biberacher W., Helm T., Grigoriev P.D., Ramazashvili R., Kushch N.D., Muller H.

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

2011

JETP LETTERS (1.364)

Normal State Resistivity of Ba1-xKxFe2As2: Evidence for Multiband Strong-Coupling Behavior

Golubov, AA, Dolgov, OV, Boris, AV, Charnukha, A, Sun, DL, Lin, CT, Shevchun, AF, Korobenko, AV, Trunin, MR, Zverev, VN

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

2018

Nature Communications (13.092)

Magnetically induced transparency of a quantum metamaterial composed of twin flux qubits

K.V. Shulga, E. Il'ichev, M.V. Fistul, I.S. Besedin, S. Butz, O.V. Astafiev, U. Hubner, A.V. Ustinov

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

2017

Nature Communications (13.092)

Quantum wave mixing and visualization of coherent and superposed states in a waveguide

A.Yu. Dmitriev, R. Shaikhaidarov, V.N. Antonov, T. Hönigl-Decrinis , O.V. Astafiev

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

Applied Physics Letters (3.411)

Josephson coupling across a long single-crystalline Cu nanowire

O.V. Skryabina, S.V. Egorov, A.S. Goncharova, A.A. Klimenko, S.N. Kozlov, V.V. Ryazanov, S.V. Bakurskiy, M. Yu. Kupriyanov, A.A. Golubov, K.S. Napolskii, V.S. Stolyarov

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

Institute of Physics Publishing

Ferromagnetic resonance with long Josephson junction

I.A. Golovchanskiy, N.N. Abramov, V.S. Stolyarov, O.V. Emelyanova, A.A. Golubov, A.V. Ustinov, V.V. Ryazanov

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

Physical Review B (3.836)

Cooper pair splitting in ballistic ferromagnetic SQUIDs

P. L. Stroganov, Ya. V. Fominov

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

JETP Letters (1.235)

Scattering spectroscopy of a superconducting artificial atom, coupled to two half spaces

A. Yu. Dmitriev, A. Korenkov, O. V. Astafiev

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

Superconductor Science and Technology

Structural and electrical properties of ultrathin niobium nitride films grown by atomic layer deposition

S. Linzen, M. Ziegler, O. Astafiev, M. Schmelz, U. Huebner, M. Diegel, E. Il'ichev, H.-G. Meyer

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

JETP Letters (1.235)

Observation of a collective mode of an array of transmon qubits

K. V. Shulga, P. Yang, G. P. Fedorov, M. V. Fistul, M. Weides, A. V. Ustinov

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

Scientific Reports (4.847)

On-chip coherent detection with quantum limited sensitivity

Kovalyuk V., Ferrari S., Kahl O., Semenov A., Shcherbatenko M., Lobanov, Y. , ..., Pernice, W.

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity (1.583)

Superconducting Nanowire Single Photon Detector for Coherent Detection of Weak Signals

Lobanov Y., Shcherbatenko M., Semenov A., Kovalyuk V., Kahl O.,, Ferrari S., ..., Pernice W. H.

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

IEEE Transactions on Terahertz Science and Technology (2.940)

Engineering Physics of Superconducting Hot-Electron Bolometer Mixers

T. M. Klapwijk , A. V. Semenov

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

EPJ Web of Conferences (1.464)

Heterodyne spectroscopy with superconducting single-photon detector

Lobanov, Y. V., Shcherbatenko, M. L., Semenov, A. V., Kovalyuk, V. V., Korneev, A. A. , Goltsman, G. N.

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

Nano Letters (12.712)

Development of a Superconducting Differential Double Contour Interferometer

Vladimir L. Gurtovoi, Vladimir N. Antonov, Alexey V. Nikulov, Rais S. Shaikhaidarov, Vyacheslav A. Tulin

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

Physics Letters A (1.772)

Quantum periodicity in the critical current of superconducting rings with asymmetric link-up of current leads

A.A. Burlakov, A.V. Chernykh, V.L. Gurtovoi, A.I. Ilin, G.M. Mikhailov, A.V. Nikulov, V.A. Tulin

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

Hybrid rf SQUID qubit based on high kinetic inductance

J. T. Peltonen, P. C. J. J. Coumou, Z. H. Peng, T. M. Klapwijk, J. S. Tsai , O. V. Astafiev

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

Vacuum induced Aulter-Townes splitting in a superconducting artificial atom

Z.H. Peng, J.H. Ding, Y. Zhou, L.L. Ying, Z. Wang, L. Zhou, L.M. Kuang, Yu-xi Liu, O. Astafiev, J.S. Tsai

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

Experimental demonstration of a two-dimensional phonon cavity in the quantum regime

A. N. Bolgar, J. I. Zotova, D. D. Kirichenko, I. S. Besedin, A. V. Semenov, R. S. Shaikhaidarov , O. V. Astafiev

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

2016

Nature Communications (13.092)

Tuneable on-demand single-photon source in the microwave range

Z. H. Peng, S. E. de Graaf, J. S. Tsai , O. V. Astafiev

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

Institute of Solid State Physics RAS

Royal Holloway University of London

NEC/RIKEN

Institute of Photonic Technology

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology

Camenius University

Loughborough University

Rutgers University

National University of Science and Technology (MISIS)

Moscow State Pedagogical University

Institute of Microelectronics Technology Problems and High Purity Materials RAS

Delft university of Technology (TU Delft)

Russian Quantum Center