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Scientists from MIPT gain insights into what actually causes the formation of ‘forbidden’ sodium chloride compounds

Gabriele Saleh, a research fellow at MIPT, and Prof. Artem Oganov, a Laboratory Supervisor at MIPT and Professor at the Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology (Skoltech), have discovered what causes the stability of various compounds that are not commonly found in ‘textbook’ chemistry.

Scientists have put a high precision blood assay into a simple test strip

Researchers from the General Physics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (GPI RAS) and MIPT have developed a new biosensor test system based on magnetic nanoparticles. It is designed to provide highly accurate measurements of the concentration of protein molecules (e.g. markers, which indicate the onset or development of a disease) in various samples, including opaque solutions or strongly coloured liquids.

Scientists have shown how to make a low-cost yet high precision glass nanoengraving
In a joint study, scientists from the MIPT (Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology), ICP (Institute of Chemical Physics) named after Semenov, MSU (Moscow State University) and IPCP (Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics) have developed a mechanism of laser deposition of patterns on glass with a resolution of 1000 times lower than the width of a human hair.
Scientists propose an algorithm to study DNA faster and more accurately

A team of scientists from Germany, USA, and Russia, including Dr. Mark Borodovsky, a Chair of the Department of Bioinformatics at MIPT, have proposed an algorithm to automate the process of searching for genes, making it more efficient. The new development combines the advantages of the most advanced tools for working with genomic data. The new method will enable scientists to analyse DNA sequences faster and more accurately and identify the full set of genes in a genome.

Physicists come up with a way to make cleaner fuel cells

An international group of scientists from Russia, France, and Germany have developed ion-exchange synthetic membranes based on amphiphilic compounds that are able to convert the energy of chemical reactions into electrical current. The new development described in the journal Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics could potentially be used in fuel cells, and in separation and purification processes. The study was conducted by MIPT’s Laboratory of Functional Organic and Hybrid Materials, which was opened in 2014.

Scientists have proposed a metasurface for the anomalous scattering of visible light
A team of scientists from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) and the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics in the Russian Academy of Sciences has proposed a two-dimensional metamaterial composed of silver elements, that refracts light in an unusual way. The research has been published on November 18 in Optical Material Express. In the future, these structures will be able to be used to develop compact optical devices, as well as to create an "invisibility cloak."
Scientists say “forbidden” substances may increase heat transfer rates and strengthen magnetic fields on super-Earths
Using mathematical models, scientists have “looked” into the interior of super-Earths and discovered that they may contain compounds that are forbidden by the rules of classical chemistry – and the presence of newly predicted substances may increase the heat transfer rate and strengthen the magnetic field on these planets. The findings have been presented in a paper published in the journal Scientific Reports.
Russian chemists helped to synthesize graphene analogue from boron
The discovery and synthesis of borophene was aided by computer simulation work led by Stony Brook researchers Xiang-Feng Zhou and Artem Oganov, who is currently affiliated with the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and the Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology.
Researchers describe changes in intestinal microflora that are characteristic in diabetes
A group of Russian scientists, including Dr Elena Kostryukova, the Head of the Laboratory of Postgenomic Research in Biology of the Scientific Research Institute of Physical-Chemical Medicine and a researcher at MIPT, and Maria Vakhitova, an MIPT postgraduate student, has discovered that the presence of certain bacteria in the gut may be linked to the development of type 2 diabetes.
Biophysicists discover the key feature of an accurate tool for optogenetics
Biophysicists have developed a hypothesis to explain the function of a light-driven protein which pumps sodium ions across a cell membrane, and they have revealed the key structural feature of these pumps. The scientists see these sodium pumps as being highly promising tools in using light signals to control nerve cells – which is exactly what is involved in the new scientific field of optogenetics.
Bacteriorhodopsin crystals consume their smaller counterparts
A group of biophysicists from Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) and their international colleagues have studied the crystallization of molecules of the membrane protein bacteriorhodopsin.
MIPT files patent for highly sensitive graphene biosensors in the US
The Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology is patenting biosensor chips based on graphene, graphene oxide and carbon nanotubes that will improve the accuracy of analysing biochemical reactions and accelerate the search for new and vital drugs.
Physicists learn how to control the movement of electrons in a molecule
Researchers have, for the first time, been able to track the movement of an electron in a molecule in real time and have demonstrated that these processes can be controlled – in the future this will make it possible to directly control the progress of chemical reactions and biological processes and obtain a desired result literally at the touch of a button.
New center brings together 6 MIPT laboratories for aging-related research

For the first time in Russia a cluster of university laboratories is combining into a single research center with a specific goal in mind: improving the quality of life in old age and combating age-related diseases.

Researchers unravel the mystery of polycrystalline diamond stiffness
Physicists from MIPT have unravelled the mystery surrounding the remarkably high elasticity of polycrystalline diamonds with a grain size of approximately 10 nanometres, which, counterintuitively, are more rigid than single crystal diamond.
What are these electronic nanostars in 2D-superconductors supposed to mean?
Physicists from France and Russia have discovered magnetic disturbances in two-dimensional (2D) layered superconductors, resembling small oscillating stars. These star-like electronic excitations are located around individual magnetic atoms put inside the superconducting material. This experimental observation, made by means of scanning tunneling spectroscopy at only 0.3 degrees above the absolute zero-temperature, is the direct confirmation of the famous theory by Yu-Shiba-Rusinov who predicted these quantum bound magnetic sates to exist.
Diamond Films Made of Graphene
Scientists from MIPT have presented a method for constructing diamond films that are both heavy-duty and flexible using graphene, enabling them to be used for surface protection in nanoelectronics and many other fields. Their results were recently published in the journal Chemistry and Chemical Technology.
One Step Closer to a New Kind of Computer
An international group of physicists, including Aleksandr Golubov, head of the MIPT Laboratory of Topological Quantum Phenomena in Superconductor Systems, recently presented results of experiments testing a new phenomenon in the journal Science. The results may assist scientists in the creation of an essentially new kind of electronics - Mott transition, or the transition of an insulator to a conductor.
Phagraphene, a “Relative” of Graphene, Discovered
A group of scientists from Russia, the USA and China, led by Artyom Oganov from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT), using computer generated simulation have predicted the existence of a new two-dimensional carbon material, a “patchwork” analogue of graphene called phagraphene. The results of their investigation were recently published in the journal Nano Letters.    
MIPT Physicists Solve Problem of Droplet Cooling in Nuclear-Powered Spacecraft Engines
A group of MIPT scientists has come up with a new solution: a droplet refrigerator/emitter. The fluid in this system, which looks like a shower, does not circulate in pipes, rather it is sprayed into outer space, giving off heat, and then collected and re-cycled.
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