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"If we want great discoveries, we have to pay for it". MIT President Leo R.Reif on the LIGO's discovery of the century
On February 11, LIGO International Collaboration announced a scientific discovery physicists had been expecting for nearly a century. For the first time scientists have detected ripples in space-time, the so-called gravitational waves. President of MIT University and Head of International Board for MIPT Leo Rafael Reif commented on the event for The Boston Globe, marking the importance of investing into fundamental science. We couldn't help quoting his words.
MIPT Internship Program Continues
MIPT offers educational and research internships for international students and junior researchers who wish to deepen their research experience.
Scientists from MIPT gain insights into what actually causes the formation of ‘forbidden’ sodium chloride compounds

Gabriele Saleh, a research fellow at MIPT, and Prof. Artem Oganov, a Laboratory Supervisor at MIPT and Professor at the Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology (Skoltech), have discovered what causes the stability of various compounds that are not commonly found in ‘textbook’ chemistry.

Discovery of the century: LIGO Detects Gravitational Waves
On Thursday, February 11, the LIGO International Collaboration announced a scientific discovery physicists had been expecting for nearly a century. The L.I.G.O. (LaserInterferometerGravitational-WaveObservatory) collaboration has detected a signal that marks the beginning of a new era for gravitational-wave physics
Scientists suggest a mathematical model for the selection of the optimal treatment of cancer

Phystech scientists together with their colleagues from St. Petersburg and Israel have analyzed more than 500 previously published scientific articles and proposed their own approach to the choice of methods used for the treatment of one of the most common cancers. Details are published in the review of the International Journal of Cancer.

Russian scientists discover that aggression causes new nerve cells to be generated in the brain

A group of neurobiologists from Russia and the USA, including Dmitry Smagin, Tatyana Michurina, and Grigori Enikolopov from MIPT, have proven experimentally that aggression has an influence on the production of new nerve cells in the brain. The scientists conducted a series of experiments on male mice and published their findings in the journal Frontiers in Neuroscience.

Scientists have put a high precision blood assay into a simple test strip

Researchers from the General Physics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (GPI RAS) and MIPT have developed a new biosensor test system based on magnetic nanoparticles. It is designed to provide highly accurate measurements of the concentration of protein molecules (e.g. markers, which indicate the onset or development of a disease) in various samples, including opaque solutions or strongly coloured liquids.

Physicists develop a cooling system for the processors of the future
Researchers from MIPT have found a solution to the problem of overheating of active plasmonic components. These components will be essential for high-speed data transfer within the optoelectronic microprocessors of the future, which will be able to function tens of thousands of times faster than the microprocessors currently in use today. In the paper published in ACS Photonics the researchers have demonstrated how to efficiently cool optoelectronic chips using industry-standard heatsinks in spite of high heat generation in active plasmonic components.
Scientists have shown how to make a low-cost yet high precision glass nanoengraving
In a joint study, scientists from the MIPT (Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology), ICP (Institute of Chemical Physics) named after Semenov, MSU (Moscow State University) and IPCP (Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics) have developed a mechanism of laser deposition of patterns on glass with a resolution of 1000 times lower than the width of a human hair.
Scientists propose an algorithm to study DNA faster and more accurately

A team of scientists from Germany, USA, and Russia, including Dr. Mark Borodovsky, a Chair of the Department of Bioinformatics at MIPT, have proposed an algorithm to automate the process of searching for genes, making it more efficient. The new development combines the advantages of the most advanced tools for working with genomic data. The new method will enable scientists to analyse DNA sequences faster and more accurately and identify the full set of genes in a genome.

Physicists come up with a way to make cleaner fuel cells

An international group of scientists from Russia, France, and Germany have developed ion-exchange synthetic membranes based on amphiphilic compounds that are able to convert the energy of chemical reactions into electrical current. The new development described in the journal Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics could potentially be used in fuel cells, and in separation and purification processes. The study was conducted by MIPT’s Laboratory of Functional Organic and Hybrid Materials, which was opened in 2014.

Scientists have proposed a metasurface for the anomalous scattering of visible light
A team of scientists from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) and the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics in the Russian Academy of Sciences has proposed a two-dimensional metamaterial composed of silver elements, that refracts light in an unusual way. The research has been published on November 18 in Optical Material Express. In the future, these structures will be able to be used to develop compact optical devices, as well as to create an "invisibility cloak."
Scientists say “forbidden” substances may increase heat transfer rates and strengthen magnetic fields on super-Earths
Using mathematical models, scientists have “looked” into the interior of super-Earths and discovered that they may contain compounds that are forbidden by the rules of classical chemistry – and the presence of newly predicted substances may increase the heat transfer rate and strengthen the magnetic field on these planets. The findings have been presented in a paper published in the journal Scientific Reports.
Russian chemists helped to synthesize graphene analogue from boron
The discovery and synthesis of borophene was aided by computer simulation work led by Stony Brook researchers Xiang-Feng Zhou and Artem Oganov, who is currently affiliated with the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and the Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology.
Researchers describe changes in intestinal microflora that are characteristic in diabetes
A group of Russian scientists, including Dr Elena Kostryukova, the Head of the Laboratory of Postgenomic Research in Biology of the Scientific Research Institute of Physical-Chemical Medicine and a researcher at MIPT, and Maria Vakhitova, an MIPT postgraduate student, has discovered that the presence of certain bacteria in the gut may be linked to the development of type 2 diabetes.
Biophysicists discover the key feature of an accurate tool for optogenetics
Biophysicists have developed a hypothesis to explain the function of a light-driven protein which pumps sodium ions across a cell membrane, and they have revealed the key structural feature of these pumps. The scientists see these sodium pumps as being highly promising tools in using light signals to control nerve cells – which is exactly what is involved in the new scientific field of optogenetics.
Bacteriorhodopsin crystals consume their smaller counterparts
A group of biophysicists from Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) and their international colleagues have studied the crystallization of molecules of the membrane protein bacteriorhodopsin.
Physicists explain the unusual behaviour of strongly disordered superconductors
Physicists Mikhail Feigel’man (the head of MIPT’s theoretical nanophysics laboratory) and Lev Ioffe have explained the unusual effect in a number of promising superconductor materials. Using a theory they developed previously, the scientists have linked superconducting carrier density with the quantum properties of a substance.
MIPT files patent for highly sensitive graphene biosensors in the US
The Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology is patenting biosensor chips based on graphene, graphene oxide and carbon nanotubes that will improve the accuracy of analysing biochemical reactions and accelerate the search for new and vital drugs.
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