Востоков Вадим Юрьевич, к.ф.-м.н., доцент, зам. директора ЦДПО МФТИ
Victor I. Klimov
Ph. D., D. Sc. Laboratory Fellow
Director, Center for Advanced Solar Photophysics
MS-J567, Chemistry Division
Los Alamos National Laboratory ,USA
Nanocrystal Quantum Dots and Solar Energy
This presentation overviews research activities in the Center for Advanced Solar Photophysics with focus on nanoscale phenomena of relevance to solar energy conversion. One topic is “active” nanoplasmonic structures in which semiconductor quantum dots are coupled to nanoscale metals. These hybrid nanomaterials exploit plasmonic effects for enhancing the range of excitonic transport. The developed superstructures mimic the functions of biological light harvesting complexes and enable a ca. 40-fold effective solar concentration within a nanoscale system. The second topic is carrier multiplication (multiple exciton generation by single photons) including the effect of nanostructure shape on multiexciton yields and the role of competing energy relaxation processes. Via comparative studies of quantum dots of three different compositions, we establish the factors that can allow one to relate the bulk material’s properties to the expected carrier multiplication performance of the same material but in the quantum dot form. The final topic of this presentation is quantum-dot-based exploratory devices such as optical field-effect transistors. The use of these structures help elucidate the nature of conducting states in dark and under illumination and establish the important role of “hidden” mid-gap states in charge transport in quantum-dot assemblies.
Victor I. Klimov is a Fellow of Los Alamos National Laboratory and the Director of the Center for Advanced Solar Photophysics of the U.S. Department of Energy. He received his M.S. (1978), Ph.D. (1981), and D.Sc. (1993) degrees from Moscow State University. He is a Fellow of the American Physical Society, a Fellow of the Optical Society of America, and a former Fellow of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation. His research interests include optical spectroscopy of semiconductor and metal nanostructures, carrier relaxation processes, strongly confined multiexcitons, energy and charge transfer, and fundamental aspects of photovoltaics.
«Нанокристаллические квантовые точки: преобразование солнечной энергии и другие перспективы их применения»